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Plant pests and diseases are all types of plant-disturbing organisms that can cause physical damage which is considered detrimental and their presence is undesirable in farming activities. In agriculture, the term pest is often connoted as a visible plant-disturbing organism, namely animals.
for example, is a pest of fleas, grasshoppers, birds and so on. while disease is often defined as a form of physical damage to plants caused by invisible organisms, namely bacteria and fungi. To prevent loss or protect plants from damage caused by pests and diseases, proper and correct preventive and control measures are required. but unfortunately, until now many of us still think chemical synthetic pesticides are the only solution to protect crops from damage.
whereas the use of chemical pesticides has a negative impact on the environment and human health. Chemical pesticides if used continuously and uncontrollably can cause pest resistance to an active pesticide. To make matters worse, from the data from the Seminyak Pest Control Services, the application of chemical pesticides can cause pest resurgence, namely the explosion or the rapid increase in the pest population. To save humans and the environment from the negative effects of chemical pesticides, a healthy and environmentally friendly pest control concept known as an integrated pest control system (PHT) is needed.
Definition of integrated pest control (pht)
what is meant by an integrated pest control system? Seminyak Pest Control Services will explain the notion of integrated pest control (pht) is a concept or way of thinking in an effort to control the population or level of pest attacks by applying various control techniques combined in one unit to prevent crop damage and the incidence of economic losses and prevent environmental damage and ecosystems. in other words, integrated pest control is the control of pests and plant diseases with a multi-disciplinary ecological approach to managing pest and disease populations by applying a variety of compatible control techniques.
4 basic principles of an integrated pest control system (pht)
The integrated pest control system (pht) has 4 basic principles that reflect the concept of pest and disease control that is environmentally sound and encourages the implementation of pht nationally for sustainable agricultural development. the four basic principles in applying the pht are as follows;
1). cultivation of healthy plants
Healthy plants have good resistance to pests and diseases. Healthy plants also have the ability to cope more quickly and recover from damage caused by pests and diseases. In order to obtain healthy plants, it is necessary to pay attention to the varieties to be cultivated, the proper seeding, as well as the proper maintenance of the plants.
2). make use of natural enemies
natural enemies or biological agents are proven to be able to suppress pest populations and reduce the risk of crop damage due to pests and diseases. Pest and disease control by utilizing potential natural enemies is a benchmark in the pht system. The utilization of natural enemies in the agro-ecosystem is expected to be able to maintain a balance between the pest population and the natural enemy population. thus there will be no explosion of pest populations that exceed the tolerance threshold of the plant.
3). regular observation and monitoring
In an integrated pest control system (PHT), observation and monitoring of pest population development is the most important part that must be done by every farmer. Observation and monitoring must be carried out regularly and periodically, so that the development of pest populations, plant conditions and population development of natural enemies can be known. the results of monitoring and observations are used as the basis for the actions to be taken.
4). farmer as a pht expert
an integrated pest control system (pht) should be developed by the farmers themselves, because the application of pht must be adapted to the state of the local ecosystem. Each region or region has a different ecosystem, so that a pht system developed in a particular area is not necessarily suitable if applied to other areas. so that each farmer is able to apply pht in their respective areas, each farmer must be proactive in learning the concept of pht. In this case, the active role of related agencies in socializing pht is very necessary.
characteristics of an integrated pest control system (pht)
Integrated pest control is an environmentally sound pest and disease control system for sustainable agricultural development. therefore a concept of pest control can be said to be a pht system if it reflects the concept of environmentally friendly pest and disease control, Seminyak Pest Control Services provides information that the following characteristics;
1). the application of an integrated pest control system (pht) is carried out in a systemized, integrated and well-coordinated manner,
2). the goal is to achieve production and economy without damaging the environment and safe for human health,
3). maintain production and promote the quality of agricultural products,
4). maintain the pest population or level of pest attack under ae / ac / at,
5). reduce and limit the use of chemical pesticides,
6). the use of chemical pesticides is the last alternative if environmentally friendly control techniques are unable to overcome.
If you are still confused about the order for integrated pest control, you can directly contact the number below for consultation and sharing about pest problems that are experienced around you, we provide free surveys and consultations to all of you, immediately contact us now.
Seminyak Pest Control Services